The Six Steps of Tea Processing

Assuming you’re a tea sweetheart, you may realize that all tea is produced using the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. In any case, assuming that you’re new to the universe of tea, this idea might appear stunning.

How steps treat the leaf needs to go through to create the fantastic mixtures we know and love?

In China, tea crafters have been refining the response to this inquiry for centuries. In every locale, individuals have created special techniques for developing and making tea. Variety in nearby tastes and methods has driven tea advancement through the ages.

Today, we can source and gain from a broad scope of different regions. This viewpoint makes it possible to distill the tea-production process into only a couple of fundamental stages, depicted here in their most general terms.


Camellia sinensis plants should be developed and collected as the initial phase in making tea. Developing conditions and reaping strategies can have a tremendous effect on completed tea. So while this progression is presumably the most universal, it can likewise deliver the most variety.

The tea’s terroir (or developing climate) can be one of the essential wellsprings of a tea’s flavor. Do you want to find the best herbal tea blends? If so, go to the California Tea House. Apply the California Tea House Discount Code at the checkout to receive a 30% discount.

Similarly, as a wine grape filled in California will taste not quite the same as a similar sort of grape filled in France, the personality of a tea leaf can change because of the area of the plant. Changes in environment, soil, or in any event, encompassing vegetation can unobtrusively change the leaf and its subsequent flavor in the cup.

Establishing tea in gravelly soil or at different heights can change the personality of the reaped leaves. Ranchers can likewise physically change the developing states of the plant to apply command over the tea’s synthetic piece. One more illustration of this happens underway of top-notch Japanese green teas. As they develop, they are concealed with built shades to advance the making of chlorophyll and theanine.

At last, the strategy for collecting the leaves is one more approach to making variety at this beginning phase. Premium tea leaves are culled by hand to safeguard regular pleasantness; however, mass makers gather by machine. The leaves are sheared from the highest point of the plant and cleaved all the while. 

However, this interaction speeds creation. It additionally uncovered more surface regions of the leaf. When soaks, the hacked leaves rapidly discharge intense, dim flavors. Conversely, entire leaves frequently don’t deliver their most whole flavors until they have been prepared at least twice.


The primary handling venture after the leaves are reaped is an essential one. Since Camellia sinensis leaves are thick and waxy on the plant, they should be relaxed or wilted to make them flexible for making.

Present-day tea ranchers control the factors in this interaction with incredible accuracy. The leaves are spread out on texture or bamboo mats and left to wither. Moistness and temperature are observed and controlled, and racks of leaves are painstakingly pivoted to guarantee each layer gets an appropriate wind current.

However, this progression sounds like oxidation. It is a necessary interaction for even white and green teas. The shriveling system decreases the water content of the leaves by as much as half. Without shrinking, warming advances would deliver something likened to cooked vegetables rather than dried tea leaves.


After the leaves are withered, creating techniques for various styles begin to veer. Oolong teas, dark teas, and Pu-erh teas generally go through swelling interaction of some kind or another. It implies the leaves are rolled, curved, or squashed. This progression aims to separate cell dividers in the leaf and work with the subsequent stage: oxidation.

Physically swelling a massive clump of tea leaves was once the most requested step in handling tea. Leaves should be entirely and uniformly projected to create a reliable cluster of tea. A few dim teas with undeniable degrees of oxidation should go through numerous rounds of swelling and oxidation.

It’s no big surprise that dark tea makers started cleaving passes on to accelerate the interaction for the mass market.

Today, many limited scope makers have observed a fair compromise, utilizing machines that duplicate the conventional swelling processes, and don’t break the leaf. When used as a part of distinctive creation, these machines increment the consistency of value and keep the creation cycle clean.


After swelling, leaves expected for oolong or dark teas are left to oxidize or become brown. Once more, the leaves are spread out and go to wilt. Since the cell dividers have been broken, an enzymatic response turns the leaves brown, very much like a cut apple.

Should painstakingly check leaves during this interaction. For oolongs, specifically, missing the right second can mean demolishing the tea or making something unique concerning what was planned. Once more, hotness and dampness are painstakingly controlled, and plates are pivoted to guarantee even oxidation.

This caramelizing system is the essential separating factor between various styles of tea. Green tea making skirts means making a tea that is, by definition, unoxidized, hence still green in shading. Dark tea is wholly oxidized, with no green shading left to the leaf. Pu-erh, or “post-matured” tea, lies outside this range. Pu-erh teas ordinarily go through swelling yet avoid the shrinking that makes oxidation.


The tea leaf is warmed. Very much like baking an apple, the use of hotness denatures the chemicals liable for oxidation and prevents the leaf from proceeding to become brown.

This progression is applied to all tea styles except dark tea, where the last drying step is utilized to stop oxidation gradually. This fixing step is here and there called the kill green; however, it safeguards anything that green tone is still left in the leaf at this stage.

Varieties in the technique for warming the leaves distinguish between territorial styles. Leaves that are steamed (like Japanese green teas) will taste ridiculously not the same as leaves that are cooked (like Chinese green teas). Fricasseeing the leaves in a wok makes an alternate flavor profile than broiling them in a turning drum. Along these lines, making styles can make perpetual assortment, even inside a class.


Once more, the strategy for warming can significantly change the kind of tea. At long last, all tea should be dried to eliminate any leftover dampness and make a stable rack leaf. This impact is usually seen with charcoal broiling, which confers an unmistakably rich quality to the flavor during this progression.

Conversely, the drying system can likewise be exceptionally delicate not to give any flavor changes. White tea, for instance, is generally provided a remarkably steady heat, which reproduces conventional sun-drying.

After it’s dried, the tea is fit to be bundled and delivered everywhere. The minor of departure from these means can create a solitary leaf into a tea. By remixing these means in forward-thinking ways, present-day crafters concoct better approaches to making fascinating teas with one-of-a-kind flavors.

To attempt an assortment of flavors and experience the distinction in making styles for yourself, we suggest trying one of our assortments, which offers a chosen variety of tests for you to investigate. Get everything rolling on your tea venture with our Discovery Collection, or burrow somewhat more profound with the complex flavors in our Premium Collection.

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